Week Ahead: highlights include China trade and inflation, RBA, UK GDP

  • MON: FOMC SLOOS, BoJ Minutes (Sep), BoC
    Market Participants Survey; Japanese Jibun Final Composite/Services PMIs (Oct),
    German Industrial Orders (Sep), EZ Final Construction/Services PMIs (Oct), UK
    Final Construction PMI (Oct), US Employment Trends (Oct).
  • TUE: RBA Policy Announcement, EIA STEO; Chinese
    Trade Balance (Oct), EZ Producer Prices (Sep), US International Trade (Sep),
    Canadian Trade Balance (Sep).
  • WED: BoC Minutes (Oct), NBP Policy
    Announcement, Norges Bank FSR (H2), Eurogroup Meeting; German Final CPI (Oct),
    EZ Retail Sales (Sep).
  • THU: Banxico Policy Announcement, BoJ SOO
    (Oct), Riksbank FSR (H2); Chinese CPI & PPI (Oct), US IJC (30th Oct w/e),
    New Zealand Manufacturing PMI (Oct).
  • FRI: RBA SOMP; US Veteran’s Day (USTs
    closed), BoC SLOS; UK GDP (Sep/Q3), Norwegian CPI (Oct), US Uni. of Michigan
    Prelim. (Nov), Chinese M2/New Yuan Loans (Oct).
  • NOTE: Previews are listed in day order

RBA Announcement

hotter-than-expected CPI data for Q3 and for September resulted in desks
changing calls to expect a 25bps hike by the RBA at the upcoming meeting.
Analysts expect a 25bps hike to 4.35% from 4.10% after four back-to-back
decisions to hold rates from July to October. The PPI and Retail Sales data
released since also back this notion, although the Labour Force Report favours
a more cautious approach, after employment change missed forecasts,
participation unexpectedly fell, but the unemployment rate unexpectedly ticked
lower. As of the 2nd of November, the ASX 30-Day Interbank Cash Rate Futures
November 2023 contract was trading at 95.805, indicating a 50/50 expectation of
an interest rate increase to 4.35% at the next RBA Board meeting. A hike would
mark Governor Bullock’s first rate move. In her post-CPI speech at the end of
October, the governor noted that CPI was a little higher than the board
expected but was about where they thought it would come. She noted goods prices
coming down, but services inflation remaining persistent, while they are still
considering whether CPI was a “material” change to outlook. Bullock
highlighted the RBA is wary of inflation, and said the bank has made it clear
that they may have to hike. “The resilience of the household sector, alongside
lingering capacity constraints amid strong population growth, supports the
decision to raise rates as well. However, the Board will also recognise that
the labour market has turned and the risk of a price–wage spiral is receding.
In essence, November’s rate hike decision will be finely balanced”, say the
analysts at Westpac. Meanwhile, Oxford Economics says “we think the Q3 CPI data
constitute enough of an upside surprise to spur the RBA into action… We now
expect to see rate hikes at both the November and December meetings.”

Chinese Trade
Balance (Tue):

There are currently
no forecasts for the Chinese Trade data, but the release will be closely
watched as a gauge of both domestic and foreign demand in the context of the
second-largest economy in the world. Taking the recent Caixin PMI data as a
proxy, the release suggested “Demand expanded slightly, but the gauge for total
new orders recorded the lowest reading this year” while adding “The economy has
shown signs of bottoming out, but the foundation of recovery is not solid.
Demand is weak, many internal and external uncertainties remain, and
expectations are still relatively weak”. In terms of last month’s release,
China reported a smaller-than-expected decline in exports in September from a
year ago, while imports missed, although in Dollar terms, exports fell by less
than expected. The data will feed into the narrative of global growth but also
comes during a period when China is releasing stimulus to prop up its economy
including domestic demand, with the nation recently announcing the issuance of
an additional CNY 1tln to fund the recovery. Analysts at ING say “As hinted by
the PMI released earlier this week, China’s exports are likely to remain on a
declining trajectory. That should see the export growth rate coming in at about
-3.7% Y/Y, with weak external demand being the main contributor. Imports are
now contracting at a slower pace as household spending stabilises slowly amid
the fragile economic outlook.”

BoC Minutes (Wed):

The BoC left rates
unchanged at 5.00%, as was expected, and it maintained guidance that it is
prepared to hike rates further if needed, acknowledging that inflationary risks
have increased. The MPR saw inflation forecasts lifted, while growth prospects
for 2023 and 2024 were revised lower, but 2025 saw a marginal nudge upwards.
the BoC now expects inflation to return to target by the end of 2025 (prev. vs
it was mid-2025 in its July MPR). It noted that near term inflation
expectations are still high and there is a risk they could become a driver of
wage-and price-setting behaviour. At his post-meeting press conference, both
Governor Macklem and Deputy Governor Rogers pushed back on the idea of rate
cuts anytime soon. Both were quizzed on the move higher in bond yields and its
impact, Rogers noted it was something it considers among many other factors.
Meanwhile, Macklem himself suggested Canada will likely see two or three
quarters of small negative growth, but he is not predicting a deep recession
with steep contraction and major job cuts. Looking ahead, analysts at RBC do
not expect any additional hikes from the BoC, with data showing signs of a
softening economy. It looks for the overnight rate to be held at 5% through H1
2024 with modest cuts from Q3 2024.

Announcement (Thu):

The recent Banxico
poll shows private sector analysts timed their view of headline inflation this
year (to 4.6% from 4.66%), but lifted their core inflation view (to 5.11% from
5.09%). Growth this year is seen at 3.29% (lifted from its previous view of 3.2%),
while 2024 growth forecasts have improved to 2.0% (vs 1.9% previously). On
terms of interest rates, the poll shows private sector analysts predicting that
rates will end this year at the current 11.25% (unchanged), while the 2024 view
was revised to 9.25% (vs 9.00% in the previous poll). This week, prelim data
for Q3 showed growth above consensus (+0.9% vs exp. +0.8%). But Capital
Economics still thinks a slowdown is on the cards over the coming quarters, as
tight monetary policy takes a heavier toll, and weaker growth in the US weighs
on Mexico’s external sector. “Q3’s outturn means that Mexico’s economy is on
course to expand by a solid 3.5% over 2023 as a whole, but we doubt that this
strength will continue into 2024,” Capital Economics writes, “monetary policy
is likely to remain tight, with Banxico set to be the last major central bank
in the region to begin an easing cycle, and softer growth in the US will weigh
on Mexico’s external sector,” adding that “the slowdown will be cushioned by
looser fiscal policy ahead of next year’s election, but growth is likely to
weaker than the consensus expects, at around 1.8%.”

BoJ SOO (Thu):

The BoJ will
release the Summary of Opinions from its latest meeting next Thursday which
participants will be eyeing for any further insights into the central bank’s
thinking after it conducted a modest tweak to YCC and switched to an even more
flexible approach to the implementation of YCC compared with the previously
rigid fixed-rate operations. The decision was made by 8-1 vote with board
member Nakamura the dissenter who although was in favour of further increasing
the flexibility in conducting YCC, preferred increasing flexibility only after
confirming an increase in firms’ earning power. There were also comments from
BoJ Governor Ueda during the post-meeting press conference who noted that they
will patiently continue monetary easing with the new measures and will not
hesitate to take additional easing measures if necessary, while he acknowledged
they were getting gradually closer to achieving the price target and that the
recent decision was partly aimed at preventing financial market volatility including
FX volatility.

Inflation (Thu):

There are no
expectations for the Chinese inflation data at the time of writing, but the
data will add to the diagnosis of the health of China’s economy. Using the
Caixin PMI as a proxy, the release suggested that in October, “Cost pressures
meanwhile remained muted, with input prices at the composite level rising only
modestly. Nevertheless, companies continued to raise their own selling prices.
Though modest, the rate of charge inflation was only fractionally slower than
September’s 18-month high”, Caixin said. Furthermore, “the gauge for input
costs remained in expansionary territory for 40 months in a row, the reading in
October was the lowest since June 2022, as the increases in the costs of
labour, raw materials and transportation were limited. Part of the input cost
increase was passed on to customers, with the gauge for output prices remaining
above 50 for 18 consecutive months”. ING posits that Chinese inflation “should
come in slightly above the zero level on the assumption of a 0.1% M/M increase
and rise to 0.2% Y/Y. Weak demand will keep inflation subdued. But we should
see inflation creep slowly up to around 1% during 2024.”

UK GDP (Fri):

Expectations are
for GDP in September to contract by 0.1% M/M (vs a +0.2% expansion in August,
and a contraction in 0.5% M/M in July). For the upcoming release, analysts at
Investec note that September’s PMI metrics were soft with manufacturing,
services and composite all below the 50 mark. Investec suggests that the
weakness could be attributed to “the (deliberate) impact of higher interest
rates”. However, weather effects could “have led to at least a partially
offsetting boost in hospitality spending and also allowed for more construction
work to go ahead than usual at this time of the year”. On balance, the desk
looks for a marginal contraction of 0.1%; such an outturn would leave Q3 Q/Q
growth at -0.1%. From a policy perspective given the BoE’s current pause in its
hiking campaign and greater focus on inflation and wages data, the release will
likely not have too much impact on market pricing.

Norwegian CPI (Fri):

Given the Norges
Bank’s tweak to forward guidance around December’s decision and the likely hike
that is guided for that meeting, inflation data has taken on even greater
importance. To recap, the September metrics were notably cooler-than-expected
which prompted the Norges Bank to alter its guidance by adding that if they
“become more assured that underlying inflation is on the decline, the policy
rate may be kept on hold”. For October, the headline measure is once again
expected to print markedly under the Norges Bank’s forecast of around 4.4% Y/Y,
though SEB highlights upside in electricity prices during the month which could
serve to drive up the headline slightly from the prior level. Though, the
upward influence of electricity is seen as being more than offset by the fact
that food inflation has not experienced the increase that some desks were
expecting. For the Norges Bank, the release should tilt the balance further
towards unchanged in December; however, another inflation print is due before
that meeting and the NOK’s ongoing depreciation alongside global energy risk
could yet scupper conviction around unchanged.

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This article was written by Newsquawk Analysis at www.forexlive.com. Source